Econophysics: Application of many-body models and techniques developed in physics to comprehend various economic and social phenomena.
Geophysics: Dynamical models of seismic activities and earthquakes.
Quantum Annealing and Computing Systems: Developing a new paradigm for adiabatic quantum computation of hard optimization problems, utilizing the delocalizing effects of tunable quantum fluctuations and consequent annealing.
Complex Networks: Analysis of universal properties of networks: e.g., biological, neural, social, transport and information networks.
Tools for Coupled Nonlinear and Adaptive Systems: Develop analytical and computational tools for handling various many-body/ adaptive /self-organizing /optimizing systems.